Attempts of the Ministry of Health to put complementary medical practices into the health care system of Turkey have started in early 2010s. “The Department of Complementary and Alternative Medical Practices” was established in 2012 within the Ministry. A proposal of “Regulation for Complementary and Alternative Medical Practices” was finalized in 2014.
The practices mentioned in the proposal are various: using leeches, cupping, acupuncture, music, foot massage, herbal and ozone treatments, etc.
Although there is almost no scientific evidence providing that traditional, alternative or complementary medical practices cure any illnesses, for the Turkish Ministry of Health, these scientific evidences seem to be unnecessary as long as there is a traditional reason.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE BEHIND PROMOTING ALTERNATIVE MEDICAL PRACTIES?
It is important to mention, according to a soL coloumnist, İlker Belek, that the Ministry of Health is obviously violating patients’ rights. Moreover, the government itself creates a market to be abused by those waiting for making money out of this kind of a market. Today, it is estimated that the total marketshare of herbal products is between 60-100 million dollars. This amount corresponds to 15-20% of the annual drug market.
Given the market’s promising situation, it is certain that this policy of the Ministry of Health will be beneficial for enlarging this alternative medical sector and creating new capitalists specialized in this area.
However, in the case of Turkey and AKP, it is also clear that the government tries to push the whole country towards its conservative, reactionist vision. Just like the reactionist policies and discourses on fertility, C-section, abortion and vaccination, it is clear that the subject of alternative medicine is used with similar purposes by the government.
RELIGIOUS SECTS IN TURKISH MINISTRIES
Earlier this year, it was claimed that the Ministry of Health in Turkey was captured by the members of a religious sect, Menzil Tarikatı, by taking serious positions as government officials in the ministry. Within this week, this was confessed by an old MP of the AKP, Hüseyin Beşli, who wrote that “I want to draw attention to the fact that a religious sect, which is named after its town of origin, Adıyaman/Menzil, had staffed its members to almost every official positions in one of our ministries”.
It is also known that the AKP government allows different religious sects to get organized in different ministries and it seems to continue as religionization of politics as well as the Turkish state.