The meeting of Erdoğan and Putin was held late on Tuesday, the last day of the 120-hour ceasefire between the Turkish army (including Turkish-backed jihadist groups) and the Kurdish YPG forces. Ankara had started Operation Peace Spring on October 9.
Back on October 17, the US Vice President Mike and Pence and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited Ankara to hold a meeting with Erdoğan. The meeting resulted in a 120-hour ceasefire between the Turkish forces and Kurdish forces in northern Syria, demanding the Kurdish forces to retreat.
The full text of the 10-point agreement between Ankara and Moscow is as follows:
1. The two sides reiterate their commitment to the preservation of the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and the protection of national security of Turkey.
2. They emphasize their determination to combat terrorism in all forms and manifestations and to disrupt separatist agendas in the Syrian territory.
3. In this framework, the established status quo in the current Operation Peace Spring area covering Tel Abyad and Ras Al Ayn with a depth of 32 km will be preserved.
4. Both sides reaffirm the importance of the Adana Agreement. The Russian Federation will facilitate the implementation of the Adana Agreement in the current circumstances.
5. Starting 12.00 noon of October 23, 2019, Russian military police and Syrian border guards will enter the Syrian side of the Turkish-Syrian border, outside the area of Operation Peace Spring, to facilitate the removal of YPG elements and their weapons to the depth of 30 km from the Turkish-Syrian border, which should be finalized in 150 hours. At that moment, joint Russian-Turkish patrols will start in the west and the east of the area of Operation Peace Spring with a depth of 10 km, except Qamishli city.
6. All YPG elements and their weapons will be removed from Manbij and Tal Rifat.
7. Both sides will take necessary measures to prevent infiltrations of terrorist elements.
8. Joint efforts will be launched to facilitate the return of refugees in a safe and voluntary manner.
9. A joint monitoring and verification mechanism will be established to oversee and coordinate the implementation of this memorandum.
10. The two sides will continue to work to find a lasting political solution to the Syrian conflict within Astana Mechanism and will support the activity of the Constitutional Committee.
Following the meeting of Erdoğan and Putin, Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov declared that Turkey’s military operation in northern Syria has come to an end as the Turkish Defense Ministry said “Ankara is no further need at this stage for it to conduct a new operation in northern Syria outside its present operation area”.